July 22, 1832 – death of napoléon ii, son of napoleon i, at schönbrunn palace in vienna, austria; originally buried in the kapuzinergruft in vienna; his remains were transferred to les invalides in paris
napoléon, the prince imperial, was the son of napoleon i, emperor of the french, and his second wife, archduchess marie louise of austria. when napoleon i abdicated on 4 april 1814, he named his son as emperor. however, the coalition partners that had defeated him refused to acknowledge his son as successor. although napoleon ii never actually ruled france, he was briefly the titular emperor of the french in 1815 after the fall of his father. when his cousin louis-napoléon bonaparte became the next emperor by founding the second french empire in 1852, he called himself napoleon iii to acknowledge napoleon ii and his brief reign.
from the spring of 1814 onwards, napoleon lived in austria and was known as "franz", his second given name. in 1818, he was awarded the title of duke of reichstadt by his maternal grandfather, emperor francis. his interest in a military career gave some concern to the monarchies of europe and french leaders over his possible return to france however, he was allowed to play no political role.
he grew distant with his mother after learning about her second morganatic marriage. he said to a friend, "if josephine had been my mother, my father would not have been buried at saint helena, and i should not be at vienna. my mother is kind but weak; she was not the wife my father deserved." he also felt frustrated that his austrian family were holding him back to avoid political controversy.
in 1832, he caught pneumonia and was bedridden for several months. his poor health eventually overtook him and on july 22, 1832, napoleon died of tuberculosis. he left no issue; thus the napoleonic claim to the throne of france passed to his cousin, louis-napoléon bonaparte, reigned as napoleon iii. #frenchroyalty#frenchroyals#austrianroyalty#austrianroyals#frenchempire#napoleonbonaparte #napoléonprinceimperial #dukeofreichstadt#bonaparte#bonapartedynasty#marielouiseofaustria
Residence where born marie walewska-napoleon bonaparte lover and mother of his 1st son.here marie laczynska-walewska was meeting with emperor. after she became wife of count ornano.today they are owners of most expensive perfum firm. walewska is also buried here in church.she died durning born count ornano child. ornano never married again.